Status of the Goal 4 in IndiaWith improvements in the enrolment and completion rates for female students in higher education, great progress has been made in India to pursue the universalization of higher education. At the time of the survey, net enrolment in higher education for both boys and girls was 100 per cent, while the national youth literacy rate was 94 per cent for males and 92 per cent for females at the time of the survey. Universalism in high-quality education and lifelong learning are two aims that the new National Education Policy and Sustainable Development Goal 4 have in common. Aiming to provide universal, high-quality education to all Indians, the government’s main program, the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, is supported by several focused programs, including nutritional support, higher education, and teacher training.
Let’s see some targets.
- Assure that all girls and boys finish equitable and high-quality higher education by 2030.
- Ensure equal access to quality technical, vocational, and tertiary education, including university, for women and men by 2030.
- Commit to increasing the number of teenagers and adults with necessary skills (technical and vocational) by 2030.
- Eliminate gender gaps in higher education by 2030 and ensure vulnerable groups, such as disabled people, indigenous peoples, and children, have equal access to all levels of education and vocational training.
- Incorporate reading and numeracy into all youth and adult male and female education by 2030.
- Guarantee, by 2030, that all students have the knowledge and skills necessary to promote sustainable development, such as education for sustainable development and sustainable lifestyles, human rights, gender equality, promoting a culture of peace and non-violence, global citizenship, and appreciation of cultural diversity and culture’s contribution to sustainability.
- By 2020, significantly increase the number of scholarships available to developing countries, especially LDCs, SIDS, and African countries, for higher education, vocational training, and technical, engineering, and scientific programs in developed and developing countries.